Swealand

   The Vends in Scandinavia - a new addition by Igor Pirnovar
English:   http://sloveneti.tripod.com/veg/e/MiscEtn/Vendi_e.html
Slovene: http://sloveneti.tripod.com/veg/s/MiscEtn/Vendi_s.html

   Franc Jeza: Der skandinavische Ursprung der Slowenen (contribution by Florian Thomas Rulitz)

The Vends in Scandinavia


The triglav stonehead found at Glejbjerg near Esbjerg, (borrowed from the Trinity webpage).

Genetically, the closest People to Slovenians are Swedes
Another Example for the Collapse of the pan-Slav and of the pan-German Theory
Dr. Jožko Šavli

ter the new arrival of Germanic people colonized a large part of the territory.
  
Swealand

Where is the evidence to substantiate the theory of the settlement of Vends in Scandinavia?

Besides the above mentioned proofs established by Franz Jeza, here are some Vendic names, e.g., Vendsyssel, at the extreme end of the peninsula Jutland, and the name Swealand in the midst of Sweden, deriving from the name Sved, shortened from Slovendt, which is evident in the adjective "svensk" (shortened from "slovensk-i" - svedsk-i), i.e., Swedish. The names of lake Vänern as well as lake Vättern show that they were shortened to Vend, Vendi. This was ensued in Latin as Veneti, and in Greek as Heneti or Eneti.
It may have been a few hundred years before Christ, when several migrations of Germanic tribes came to Scandinavia, who were commonly known as Goths. After them the Southern area of the country was named Götaland. Thereafter, the German language prevailed among Slovends (Sveds) and was gradually adopted by the whole community.

There is no exact data when this occurrence took place; it must have been in the first part of the Middle Ages. The Vandals, who arrived here during that period from Scandinavia, still spoke a Vendic language (today called Slavonic). The writer Mauro Orbini adduces in his book (1601) some Vandalic words, for exempla: stal (chair), baba (grandmother), ptach (bird), kobyla (mare), krug (circle), golubo (pigeon), klicz (key), zumby (teeth), mlady (young). All these words are identical with the Slovenian ones.

I took these words from a letter, in which Ing. Joseph Skulj (February 22, 2002) from Toronto gives a response to Prof. Tom Priestly (University of Alberta). The latter, in his paper entitled "Vandals, Veneti, Windischer: The Pitfalls of Amateur Historical Linguistics" (Denver, Colorado, November 11, 2000) rejected all theories concerning the Vandals (and Vends in general), but only from the point of view of the linguistic method of research, as he later explained.
The discoveries, that rise to the surface from Ing. Škulj,s letter are a big surprise for all of us and are explained in the following:

The geneticists are trying to find relationships between genes and languages. Rosser et al., in their genetic study of the European population have come up with some startling information for scholars of the question Vandals, Vends/Wends and Slavs... In their population comparisons through PC analysis, where PC analysis is a method that allows the graphic display, in a few dimensions, of the maximum amount of variance within a multivariate data set, with minimum loss of information, they show graphically genetic relationships between populations. Figure 5 shows the results of this PC analysis of the Y-chromosome HG data, in which populations are labelled according to linguistic affiliation.

In the first comparison, Figure 5A shows that genetically the closest people to Slovenians are Swedes, followed by Czechs, Götalanders and Norwegians and then Yugoslavs, Belarusians and Slovaks. In the second graph, Figure 5B, compares other genetic groups. In this comparison, the closest people to Slovenians are Slovaks and Ukrainians, followed by Götlanders, Poles, Czechs, Belarusians, Swedes and Norwegians (Rossser et al. 2000).
In sense of this, we come to the conclusion that the Vandals originated from the Swedish region called Uppland with the centre in Uppsala. There, the site Vendel, also a well known archaeological finding place, could still remember them. At one time Uppsala was the Swedish chief town.
Today, the Vandals are considered to be of Germanic origin. However, the name speaks for itself that they are of Vendic origin. The part that settled in the Mediterranean area at the decline of the Roman era, founded their kingdom in Southern Spain, in Andalusia (Vandalusia), and then in North Africa. They might still have spoken a mixed (Vendic/German) language.

The Swedish king was installed on a stone like the dukes of Carantania (Slovenia). The stone, because of its immutability, was God's symbol meaning eternity, and the ruler was responsible for his authority before God. - This illustration origins from the book about the Nordic people published by Claus Magnus, in 1560. The installation stone was called "Mora sten" and was placed in a meadow near Uppsala.

In my opinion, the main part of Vandal tribes remained in Scandinavia. They were the ancestors of the present-day Swedes. They adopted gradually a Germanic tongue, probably inherited from the Goths. But they conserved the ancient Vendic social organization. They also elected their king, and until today he bears the title "The King of the Vends and Goths".  Quite naturally, these "Vends" are Swedes. But I was very surprised to discover that the Swedish king himself was installed on a Stone, like the Dukes of Carantania (Slovenia). After the election, the installation on the Stone took place. Thus, is there more than a genetic closeness between the Swedes and the Slovenians?!

The movable "kozolec" (pronounce: cosolets) is the most simple form of this kind of installation used to shelter grain sheaves and hey. At the end of the season is it pulled down anew.

The "kozolec" with columns of wood (here with pillars) or built of stone is a durable and most common form of installation, which is typical in Slovenia and in the Eastern Alps.

Carinthian scholars have discovered many similarities between Scandinavia and the Eastern Alps, particularly the well-known Georg Graber (cf. Volksleben in Kärnten, 1941). In this respect, he came up with numerous similarities in the manifestation of people's character - as he wrote - about labour objects, customs, poetry, and about cultivated life style. This collection of similarities was meant to demonstrate a Nordic character, which should lead to the significant legacy of the "ancient Germans".  Even the "kozolec" (pronounce cosolets), an installation to shelter grain and hey, is to be found in Scandinavia, exactly in the same way as we find it in the Eastern Alps.

The "kozolec" with columns of wood (here with pillars) or built of stone is a durable and most common form of installation, which is typical in Slovenia and in the Eastern Alps.

In Slovenia, the "stog" is another typical rural building, the laterals of which are composed by "kozolec". It must be of pre-historic origin, because in Lithuanian (Balto-Slav period) the word stog simply means a roof. This building serves also to keep carriages and other tools.

The ethnologists confirm, that at one-time there must have existed a unique land cultivated by man (Kulturlandschaft), which extended from Scandinavia to the Alps. This statement corresponds with the archaeological facts. After the migrations of the Vends (after 1200 BC), the Hallstatt civilization flourished in this area (ca. 900 - 400 BC). Thereafter the Celts invaded the area north and south of the Alps. They brought another social organization and culture, the so-called La Tène civilization (ca. 400 - 15 BC). The Celts did not occupy the Alps and Scandinavia, where the ancient Vendic people's culture survived until the 20th century AD.

Igor Maher / The "toplar" hayrack. A special feature of the land is the hayrack, a simple wooden construction for drying hay. Some thirty different types can be distinguished by their construction, most of them found only in Slovenia.

Thus, the ethnical and genetic similarities between Scandinavia and the Alps, i.e., between the Swedes and the Slovenians cannot be referred to the ancient Germans, but to the Vends, who were the basis of forming both nations.

Trinity
The Trinity study  is an article, which was put well together with one exception. "The people were not Celts in Skandinavia" but Wends, who spoke a similar language as the Celts.